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Causes for dry skin

Your skin is your body’s first line of defence against the elements.

To get the kind of smooth, sleek skin you’ll want to show off, learn these eight top causes of dry skin and fixes.

1. Steamy Showers

Setting the shower to steamy soothes your body, but it won’t do your skin any favors. “I know it feels wonderful to stand in a really hot shower… but it can dry out the natural oils in our skin more quickly.

Standing under that hot spray long enough to belt out your favorite tune is also a no-no. The longer you linger in the shower, the more you dry out your skin.

Quick Fix: Cleanse Coolly and Quickly

Dial down the shower temperature to lukewarm, and keep showers short. Five minutes is enough to get clean without over-drying. Save the singing for your car.

2. Moisture-Robbing Soaps

Don’t put just any bar of soap into your shower dish — they’re not all the same. Wash with a harsh soap and you’ll send your skin’s natural moisture barrier straight down the drain.

Quick Fix: Go Mild

Its recommend using a mild, fragrance-free soap that moisturises as it cleanses. Bar or liquid doesn’t matter, but choose a soap that’s specially formulated for dry skin.

3. The Rub-Down

Think you need to scrub your skin to get it clean? Toss that old notion, along with your scrubby sponge. Friction strips the skin and enhances the dryness.

Quick Fix: Go Soft

Use your hands or a soft wash cloth instead,they’ll get you just as clean as abrasive sponges, without roughing up your skin.

4. Losing Shower Moisture

Showering bathes your skin in moisture. Scrubbing off with a towel right afterwards strips that moisture away.The surface of your skin absorbs some of the water, which will be lost if you don’t seal it in.

Quick Fix: Lock in Moisture

Towel-dry off but still leave the skin a little bit moist. Apply moisturizer to still-damp skin.

What kind of lotion should you use? Rub on a rich cream containing ingredients such as soothing lemon exquisite lotion for sensitive skin, or urea, lactic acid, dimethicone, or petroleum jelly (petrolatum) for very dry skin. These products “will seal moisture into the skin and create an effective skin barrier.

Your face needs different moisturising than your body. Smooth on a non comedogenic face lotion — one that won’t clog pores and cause breakouts. Pick a moisturiser that incorporates a sunscreen like fair tone plus face cream with an SPF of 30 or more. Moisturiser with sunscreen addresses both dryness and sun protection.

6. Aging

As hormone levels change over the years, skin becomes thin and parched.

Quick Fix: Smooth Out the Years

You can’t turn back the clock, but you can minimize ageing skin changes. Start each morning with a generous rub of a rich face and body cream. To minimize wrinkles while you relieve dryness, look for ingredients such as alpha-hydroxy acids and retinol.

Not in the habit? Keep a bottle of lotion next to your bed so it’s the first and last thing you see each day such as 4ever bright gel.

7. Irritants

Is your favourite sweater making you itch? It could be the fabric, fabric softener, or the detergent you’re washing it in. Lots of everyday fabrics and products can irritate skin — from dryer sheets to perfume.

Quick Fix: Set Products Free

“Free” is the key word when buying any type of cleaner or beauty product. Pick products that are labelled fragrance- and dye-free, and that are specially formulated for sensitive skin.

Wear clothes made of soft, natural fabrics — cotton and silk instead of wool or polyester. Line your bed with cotton percale sheets for a gentler touch while you sleep.

8. Your Health

Is your skin especially scaly and red? It could be a skin condition, like atopic dermatitis or psoriasis. It can also be a symptom of diseases such as diabetes or an underactive thyroid gland.

Quick Fix: Target Treatment

When dry, red skin won’t go away, see your doctor to discover and treat the cause. The solution may be as simple as taking a medication or using a prescription cream.

No matter what the cause, dry, itchy skin isn’t something you should have to live with long-term. If you’ve tried a few different moisturisers and they’re not helping, or the irritation is getting worse, see your dermatologist.